Academics and Team

These following are the main people involved in the project:

Dr. Andreas Heinemeyer (project leader, PI)
is a senior researcher at Stockholm Environment Institute (SEI) and has particular knowledge of terrestrial carbon fluxes, both measuring and modelling. He obtained one previous NERC grant (as PI) on peatland carbon fluxes and hydrology (UKPopNet; £40k). He has published considerably in this area over the past decade (including co-authorships in Nature Climate Change and Ecology Letters) and participates in national (NCEO, QUEST, CEH) and international (ESF, EGU) collaborations. He edited a book and contributed to six book chapters on an integrated methodology in soil carbon dynamics (Kutsch, Bahn & Heinemeyer, 2009). In addition, he has organised past NERC and ESF summer schools on carbon cycling. He also has GIS experience in a peatland context, specifically climate effects on enchytraeid abundance (Briones et al., 2007). 

Selected relevant publications include: 2011 J.M. Clark, A. Heinemeyer, P. Martin, S. Bottrell, Re-examining the relationship between drought-induced acidification and DOC in peat pore-waters at six different sites in Great Britain, Global Biogeochemical Cycles (in press); 2011 A. Heinemeyer & N.P. McNamara Comparing the closed static versus the closed dynamic chamber flux methodology: implications for soil respiration studies. Plant and Soil, 346:145–151; 2012 A. Heinemeyer, M. Wilkinson, R. Vargas, J.-A. Subke, E. Casella, J.I.L. Morison & P. Ineson Exploring the “overflow tap” theory: linking forest soil CO2 fluxes and individual mycorrhizosphere components to photosynthesis. Biogeosciences, 9: 79-95, ;2011 A. Moilanen, B.J. Anderson, F. Eigenbrod, A. Heinemeyer, D.B. Roy, S. Gillings, P.R. Armsworth, K.J. Gaston, C.D Thomas (2011) Balancing alternative land uses in conservation prioritization. Ecological Applications, 21(5): 1419–1426; A. Heinemeyer, C. Di Bene, A.R. Lloyd, D. Tortorella, R. Baxter, B. Huntley, A. Gelsomino &  P. Ineson (2011) Soil respiration: implications of the plant-soil continuum and respiration chamber collar-insertion depth on measurement and modelling of soil CO2 efflux rates in three ecosystems. European Journal of Soil Sciences, 62: 82–94; 2010 A. Heinemeyer, S. Croft, M.H. Garnett, M. Gloor, J. Holden, M.R. Lomas & P. Ineson The MILLENNIA peat cohort model, predicting past, present and future soil carbon budgets and fluxes under changing climates in peatlands. Climate Research (Special Issue: Climate Change and the British Uplands), 45: 207–226; 2009 B.J. Anderson, P.R. Armsworth, F. Eigenbrod, C.D. Thomas, S. Gillings, A. Heinemeyer, D.B. Roy, K.J. Gaston Spatial covariance between biodiversity and other ecosystem services. Journal of Applied Ecology, 46: 888-896; 2007 M.J.I. Briones, P. Ineson, A. Heinemeyer (2007). Predicting potential impacts of climate change on the geographical distribution of enchytraeids: a meta-analysis approach. Global Change Biology, 13: 2252–2269.

Dr. Harry Vallack (PDRA)
is a senior researcher at SEI and has a PhD in carbon cycling in upland soils and has led a report for the North York Moors National Park on afforestation effect in peatlands. He is an ecologist of over 30 years experience which has included much research on the carbon dynamics of soils but also on energy model developments and air pollution/GHG emissions inventories. He has been involved in the development of innovative techniques for measuring the carbon isotopic composition of soil and ecosystem CO2 efflux in situ. His recent research has focussed on the fate of assimilated C in the plant-soil system in response to management practices (lime and nitrogen fertilizer inputs) in uplands and forests. He has also been using in situ 13C pulse-labelling techniques to partition soil CO2 respiration between heterotrophic and autotrophic (including mycorrhizal) components. 

Selected relevant publications include:
Vallack HW, Subke JA, et al. 2012. The application of nitrogen fertilizer to a boreal pine forest has a negative impact on the respiration of ectomycorrhizal hyphae, Plant and Soil, 352: 405-417. Subke JA, Vallack HW, Magnusson T, et al. 2009. Short-term dynamics of abiotic and biotic soil 13CO2 effluxes after in situ 13CO2 pulse labelling of a boreal pine forest. New Phytologist, 183: 349-357. Vallack, H.W. and Rypdal, K. The Global Atmospheric Pollution Forum Air Pollutant Emissions Inventory Manual. July 2006. Stockholm Environment Institute, University of York, York, UK, 2006 (book/report). Vallack, H.W. and Ineson, P. The carbon sequestration potential of native broadleaf tree plantations on the North York Moors’. March 2005, Stockholm Environment Institute, University of York, York, UK (report).

Dr. Astrid Hanlon (project partner link, YPP; currently on maternaty leave - replacement: Tim Thom from YPP)
is the research coordinator for the Yorkshire Peat Partnership (YPP). Her current work involves liaising with Universities to identify, facilitate and co-supervise high quality research into ecosystem services and practical peatland restoration. The role also includes researching, developing and implementing monitoring of restoration works and wider peatland variables; this includes developing protocols, software and GIS techniques for field and remote monitoring. Also communicating and raising awareness about the importance of peat conservation and the role that science plays in determining policy is also key to the role. Previous work has included research into carbon cycling in estuarine environments involving secondments with both the Environment Agency and Michigan Technological University, USA. 

Selected relevant publications include: 1. Hanlon A.R.M., Bellinger B., Haynes K.,Xiao G., Hoffman T.A., Gretz M.R., Ball A.S., Osborn A.M. and Underwood G.J.C., 2006.“Dynamics of EPS production and loss in an estuarine, diatom dominated, microalgal biofilm over a tidal emersion.” Limnology and Oceanography 2006.  2. Hanlon A.R.M., Underwood G.J.C., Oxborough K. and Baker N.R. 2006 (Limnology and Oceanography).“The effects of simazine on species-specific diatom cell growth and photosynthetic parameters.” 3. Hanlon A.R.M., Underwood G.J.C., Oxborough K. and Baker N.R. 2006 (Environmental Pollution). “In sediment species-specific photochemical efficiency responses to low level simazine exposure” 4. Underwood G.J.C., Perkins R.G., Consalvey M., Hanlon A.R.M., Oxborough K. and Baker N.R. and Paterson D.M., 2005. “Pattern sin microphytobenthic productivity: Species-specific variation in migratory rhythms and photosynthesis in mixed-species biofilms” Limnology and Oceanography Vol. 50, pp. 755 – 767. 5. Mason C.F., Underwood G.J.C., Baker N.R., Davey P.A., Davidsson I., Hanlon A.R.M., Long S.P., Oxborough K., Paterson D.M. and Watson A., 2003. “The role of herbicides in the erosion of salt marshes in Eastern England” Environmental Pollution, Vol. 122, pp. 41 – 49. 6. Perkins R.G., Oxborough K., Hanlon A.R.M., Underwood G.J.C. and Baker N.R., 2002. “Can chlorophyll a fluorescence be used to estimate the rate of electron transport within microphytobenthic biofilms?” Marine Ecology Progress Series, Vol 228, pp. 47 – 56. 7. Oxborough K., Hanlon A.R.M., Underwood G.J.C. and Baker N.R., 2000. “In vivo estimation of the photosystem II photochemical efficiency of individual microphytobenthic cells using high-resolution imaging of chlorophyll a fluorescence.” Limnology and Oceanography, Vol 45, pp. 1420 – 1425.

Phoebe Morton (PhD student)

is a PhD student at SEI and has a BSc in Biology (with a Year in Industry) from the University of York. She has worked for the Game & Wildlife Conservation Trust in the Scottish Highlands for a year as a placement student, which included work with gamebirds in a wide variety of upland habitats, vegetation surveys and habitat mapping. Through this work, she has gained a deep understanding of management of upland areas and their importance for local industries. Her undergraduate project focussed on investigating how soil CO2 and CH4 fluxes in mineral soils alter when mycorrhizas are present and with biochar (charcoal) addition.

Thomas Sloan (Technician)
Tom is one of the project research technicians and has a BSc in Ecology, Conservation and the Environment from the University of York. Tom has several years of technical experience in environmental, climate and agricultural research in the UK and abroad. This has included spells at Imperial College London working on closed system modelling of climate change, at FERA surveying British mammal populations and studying legume crops with the Processors and Growers Research Organisation.

Anda Baumerte (Technician)
Anda is from Riga and our second research technician since February 2015. She has a BSc in Environmental Science and MSc in Biology from the University of Latvia as well as a MSc in Environmental Economics and Environmental Management from the University of York. Anda has experience in international environmental policy and management issues and nanomaterial safety assessment in the UK and abroad. She also has considerable NGO experience, mainly in her home country, Latvia. When she is not working, she is dancing away on the dance floor! floor!

Mel Meridith-Williams (former Technician - till Nov 2014)
Mel is one of the project research technicians and has a PhD in Environmental Science, from the University of York. Melanie has several years of technical experience in environmental research in the UK and abroad. This has included spells at at FERA as an aquatic ecotoxicologist and environmental modeller and at CEFAS researching parasites in the European oyster. Mel is also a Beagle fanatic

Also invovled in this project are the following academics:

Dr. Colin McClean (Senior Lecturer) is a spatial analyst with substantial experience of spatial modelling across a range of research areas from conservation ecology and biodiversity through land use modelling and pollution impacts to biogeochemistry. Funded work by McClean has involved modelling the potential impacts of climate change on African and UK plant species. In other modelling work he has applied a number of reserve modelling and selection algorithms to both marine and terrestrial conservation problems. Recent work sponsored by WWF is cited in the Royal Commission on Environmental Pollution marine fisheries report. Results of the climate change impacts work for Africa are cited in the Stern Review and 2007 IPCC impact report. Other work includes looking at Sahelian “greening” using detailed hydrologically relevant terrain modelling and the climate change impact modelling for the Shea Tree in the Sudano-Sahelian zone (EU-funded).  Common to most of this diverse work is the use of large and readily available spatial data sets for novel applications, a crucial concept in the current proposal.
Selected relevant publications include: 1.    Balmford, A., Gravestock, P., Hockley, N., McClean, C. & Roberts, C. (2004) The worldwide costs of marine protected areas, Proc. Nat. Acad. Sci, 101 (26), 9694-9697. 2.    Roberts C., McClean, C., Allen, G., Hawkins, J., McAllister, D., Mittermeier, C., Schueler, F., Spalding, M., Veron, E., Wells, F., Vynne, C. & Werner, T. (2002)  Marine biodiversity hotspots and conservation priorities for tropical reefs, Science, 295, 1280-1284. 3.    Huby, M., Cinderby, S., Crowe, A.M., Gillings, S., McClean, C.J., Moran, D., Owen, A., & White, P.C.L. (2006)  The association of natural, social and economic factors with bird species richness in rural England, Journal of Agricultural Economics, 57, 295-312. 4.    McClean, C.J., Ashmore, M.A., van den Berg, L.J.L. &  Preston, C.D. (2011) Atmospheric nitrogen deposition explains patterns of plant species loss. Global Change Biology, 17, 2882–2892. 5.    Begum, S., McClean, C.J., Cresser, M.S. and  Breward, N. Can sediment data be used to predict alkalinity and base cation chemistry of surface waters? Science of the Total Environment, 409, 404-11. 2010. 6.    Platts, P.J., McClean, C.J., Lovett, J.C. & Marchant, R. (2008) Predicting tree distributions in an East African biodiversity hotspot: model selection, data bias and envelope uncertainty, Ecological Modelling, 218, 121-134. 7.    Termansen M., McClean C.J. & Preston C.D. (2006) The use of genetic algorithms and Bayesian classification to model species distributions, Ecological Modelling, 192, 410-424. 8.    McClean, C.J., Lovett J., Küper, W., Hannah, L., Sommer, J.H., Barthlott, W., Termansen, M., Smith, G.F., Tokumine, S. & Taplin, J.R.D. (2005) African Plant Diversity and Climate Change, Annals of the Missouri Botanical Gardens, 92 (2), 139-152.

Professor Alastair Fitter (Professor, CBE FRS, York) is one of the best known and respected ecologists and botanists in the UK. He has led or initiated many large consortiums (e.g. UKPopNet) and initiatives, and published extensively in major journals, too numerous to name. He continues to contribute to policy related work through his role as chair or trustee on many organisations, such as the YPP and his position within the Natural England Science Advisory Committee. He is a Fellow of the Royal Society (FRS) and recently received a CBE for his outstanding scientific and policy related work. He was the principle supervisor for Heinemeyer's PhD thesis.

Dr Calvin Dytham (Reader, York) is a theoretical ecologist with a strong track record in statistical analysis and experimental design. His research has spanned the effects of climate change on range expansions of insects and fish, the conservation of rare species in the UK and the effects of invasions by exotic species.  Funded work on butterfly expansions has exposed clear interactions of habitat variation and climate shifts while work on mycorrhiza used hierarchical statistical model analysis of pyrosequence data to reveal seasonal and spatial patterns in a field site. His theoretical work includes strategic modelling of ranges incorporating inter-individual variation and spatial patterning in the assessment of species assemblages and management recommendations. His statistics text book has been a best-seller and is widely cited.
Selected relevant publications include: 1.    C.Dytham (2011) Choosing and Using Statistics, A Biologist’s Guide. Third Edition. 298 pp. Wiley-Blackwell. ISBN: 978-1-4051-9839-4. 2.    T. Meithe, J.W.Pitchford & C. Dytham (2011) Modelling the evolutionary effects of a coastal marine reserve on different ecological guilds of fish. Journal of the Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom, 91, 1369-1380. 3.    H.J. Poethke, C. Dytham & T. Hovestadt (2011) A metapopulation paradox: partial improvement of habitat may reduce metapopulation persistence. American Naturalist, 177, 792-799. 4.    J.D. Chipperfield, C. Dytham & T. Hovestadt (2011) An updated algorithm for the generation of neutral landscapes by spectral synthesis. PLOS One, 6, e17040. 5.    A.J. Dumbrell, … C. Dytham et al. (2011) Distinct seasonal assemblages of arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi revealed by massively parallel pyrosequencing. New Phytologist, 190, 794-804. 6.    A.J. Dumbrell, … C. Dytham et al. (2010) Relative roles of niche and neutral processes in structuring a soil microbial community. ISME Journal, 4, 337-345. 7.    A.J. Dumbrell, … C. Dytham et al. (2010) Idiosyncrasy and overdominance in the structure of natural communities of arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi: is there a role for stochastic processes? Journal of Ecology, 98, 419-428. 8.    G.E. Allen & C. Dytham (2009) An efficient method for shochastic simulation of biological populations in continuous time. Biosystems 98, 37-42.  9.    C. Dytham (2009) Evolved dispersal strategies at range margins. Proc Roy Soc B. 276, 1407-1413.  10.    C. West, C. Dytham, D. Righton & J.W. Pitchford (2009) Preventing overexploitation of migratory fish stocks: the efficacy of marine protected areas in a stochastic environment.  ICES Journal of Marine Science 66, 1919-1930.  11.    J.M.J. Travis, K. Mustin, T.G. Benton & C. Dytham (2009) Accelerating invasion rates result from the evolution of density-dependent dispersal. Journal of Theoretical Biology 259, 151-158. 12.    D.S. Chapman, G.S. Oxford & C. Dytham (2009) Process from pattern in the distribution of an endangered leaf beetle. Ecography 32, 259-268.  13.    K. Mustin, T.G. Benton, C. Dytham & J.M.J. Travis (2009) The dynamics of climate-induced range shifting; perspectives from simulation modelling. Oikos, 118, 131-137.  14.    J.M.J. Travis, T. Muenkemueller, O.J. Burton, A. Best, C. Dytham & K. Johst (2007) Deleterious mutations can surf to high densities on the wave front of an expanding population. Molecular Biology and Evolution, 24, 2334-2343. 15.    C. Dytham & S.D. Simpson (2007) Elevated mortality of fish larvae on coral reefs drives the evolution of larval movement patterns. Marine Ecology Progress Series, 346, 255-264. 16.    S.E.M. Fraser, C. Dytham & P.J. Mayhew (2007) Determinants of parasitoid abundance and diversity in woodland habitats. Journal of Applied Ecology, 44, 352-361. 17. E.P. Holland, J.N. Aegerter, C. Dytham & G.C. Smith (2007) Landscape as a model: the importance of geometry. PLOS Computational Biology, 3, 1979-1988. See CV for other publications.

Professor Phil Ineson (Biology, York)
holds the Chair of Global Change Ecology at the University of York. His research interest is in the role of soils in global change, and he has published more than 140 papers over the past 25 years. He has pioneered new approaches using stable isotopes tracing the fate of assimilated carbon into different groups of organisms in the soil, as well as the use of automated continuous chamber measurements of the net CO2 exchange in arctic vegetation. He is one of the initial collaborators within UKPopNet and currently coordinates research at the Lake Vyrnwy site in several grants as either PI or Co-PI. Prof. Ineson’s Great Dunfell climate change work on soil and water (lysimeter analysis) (Ineson et al., GCB 4, 143-162, 1998) is particularly relevant to this project. Prof. Ineson has a long track record of attracting research funds in a carbon cycle and hydrological context: Soil Biodiversity – Soil faunal biodiversity and carbon cycling (1997-2001). Detection of trophic interactions in soil using stable isotopes (2002-2004). Carbon transfers at Sourhope – from plant to soil organic matter (1999-2002). Quantification of soil carbon inputs under elevated CO2 (2004-2007). TOPS: Tropospheric ozone pollution using stable isotopes (2002-2006). Centre for Terrestrial Carbon Dynamics. (2002-2007). UKPopNet (NERC/Natural England; 2006-2009): The Bug to Big Project (2007-2010). Carbon cycling in forests: the role of priming (2008-2011).
Selected relevant publications include: Hartley IP, Ineson P. 2008. Substrate quality and the temperature sensitivity of soil organic matter decomposition. Soil Biol Biochem 40, 1567-1574. Briones MJI, Ineson P, Heinemeyer A. 2007. Predicting potential impacts of climate change on the geographical distribution of enchytraeids: a meta-analysis approach. Global Change Biol 13, 2252-2269. Heath J, Ayres E, Possell M, Bardgett RD, Black HIJ, Grant H, Ineson P, Kerstiens G. 2005. Rising atmospheric CO2 reduces sequestration of root-derived soil carbon. Science 309, 1711-1713. McNamara, NP; Black, HIJ; Piearce, TG; Reay, DS; Ineson, P (2008) The influence of afforestation and tree species on soil methane fluxes from shallow organic soils at the UK Gisburn Forest Experiment. Soil Use and Management 24: 1-7. Briones, MJI; Garnett, MH; Ineson, P (2010) Soil biology and warming play a key role in the release of 'old C' from organic soils. Soil Biology & Biochemistry 42: 960-967. Garnett, M.H., Ineson, P., Stevenson, A.C., Howard, D.C., 2001. Terrestrial organic carbon storage in a British moorland. Global Change Biology 7, 375-388. Garnett, M.H., Ineson, P., Stevenson, A.C., 2000. Effects of burning and grazing on carbon sequestration in a Pennine blanket bog, UK. Holocene 10, 729-736. E. Tipping, C. Woof, E. Rigg, A. F. Harrison, P. Ineson, K. Taylor, D. Benham, J. Poskitt, A. P. Rowland, R. Bol and D. D. Harkness (1999) Climatic influences on the leaching of dissolved organic matter from upland UK moorland soils, investigated by a field manipulation experiment. Environment International, 1, 83-95. Prof. Ineson was Heinemeyer's line manager during the NERC funded CTCD and NCEO project phase (2002-2012).

Dr Charles Bristow (Birkbeck, London)
is Head of Department at Birkbeck and has pioneered the use of ground penetrating radar (GPR) to investigate shallow subsurface stratigraphy in Holocene and Quaternary sediments. He has over 15 years of experience in using GPR and has undertaken GPR surveys in a wide range of environments including, rivers, swamps, deserts, glaciers and coastal sediments. He has published extensively on the subject and edited a book on GPR in Sediments with Dr Harry Jol (Bristow and Jol 2003) and recently completed a paper on GPR for the treatise on Methods in Geomorphology which is in press.

Dr Lauren Parry (DMS, Leeds)
is a KTP researcher between Leeds University and Dinsdales Moorland Services (DMS) with an interest in peatland management, conservation and restoration. Her current role focuses on developing improved methodologies for surveying peatlands using Ground Penetrating Radar (GPR) and other geophysical methods. This includes generating accurate, high resolution carbon inventories, mapping surface contents and peat pipe identification. She is leading the GPR work as part of this project.
Recent publications include:     Billett M.F., Charman D.J., Clark J.M., Evans C.D., Evans M.G., Ostle N.J., Worrall. F, Burden A, Dinsmore K.J, Jones T, McNamara N.P, Parry L, Rowson J.G, Rose R. (2010). Carbon balance of UK peatlands: current state of knowledge and future research challenges. Climate Research.  House, J., Clark, C., Gallego-Sala, A., Orr, H., Aylen, J., Bardgett, R., Billett, M., Bonn, A., Caporn, S., Chapman, S., Clutterbuck, B., Evans, C., Evans, M., Farewell, T., Freeman, C., Grayson, R., Hall, J., Holden, J., McMorrow, J., Milledge, D., Nayak, D., Ostle, N., Parry, L., Prentice, C., Stevens, C., Smith, J., Smith, P., Vanguelova, E., Ward, S., Waldron, S., White, S., Worrall, F., Yallop, A. (2010) Vulnerability of upland peatland services to climate change. Environment Agency Science Report SC070036/SR.
The Team's expertise:

The York team are nationally and internationally recognised for the excellence of their research on peatland carbon cycling and on management impacts on the peatland carbon store. Several members of the team have been invited keynote speakers at major conferences on C cycling. We have also worked closely with practitioners including CCW (UKPopNet, EU LIFE project) and have established contacts to management contractors such as Dinsdales Moorland Services (through work in the Peak District and Wales). This ensures we have a good understanding of the suite of restoration practices and methodological approaches that are to be undertaken and are associated with peatland research. Moreover an Advisory Group will provide additional stakeholder and policy level insights and guidance. The expertise and experience in similar projects (e.g. UKPopNet) of the team together with the YPP and the Advisory Group will ensure high scientific and policy relevant standards in this project.

The team have an outstanding record of publishing in the highest-ranked international journals and also of leading a wide range of relevant research projects. Based on our expertise and facilities we often provide GHG (GC) and water quality analysis for other Universities and research groups. We also collaborate on methodological advances with CEH (i.e. examining static cover box chamber measurements for CO2 fluxes compared to the Li-Cor system which showed the importance of considering incubation times; Heinemeyer & McNamara, 2011) and other institutes (i.e. a novel gas flux system (Gas-Snake, a filed UK patent (GB1015047.2); Heinemeyer et al., 2011) for measuring gas fluxes. We also contributed to several publications on linking carbon to ecosystem services and protective areas (Eigenbrod et al. 2009-2011, and Anderson et al., 2009). We certainly are at the forefront of soil flux methodology and further developments. This includes organising and performing summer schools on soil and peatland carbon dynamics and co-editing of a book on methodologies in carbon dynamics (Kutsch, Bahn & Heinemeyer, 2009).

The York team consists of experienced pool technicians at the Environment Department and researchers who are based at SEI at York, which has a long track record with Defra in various past and current projects. Further the York team will work in close collaboration with the YPP’s research and management group; this includes a CASE PhD student.
Nidderdale impression on a good day!

The team further includes key expertise in related areas such as Ground Penetrating radar (GPR) through links to  London (Bristow, Brikbeck) and Leeds (Parry, DMS).

Subpages (1): Biography